Alumnado femenino en las enseñanzas de artes plásticas y diseño en el sistema educativo público español 1940-2015
This article is responsible for analyzing female students’ incorporation to the teaching of Fine Arts and Design since the end of the Spanish Civil War to the present. The purpose is to examine the modest evolution of women in the education system during a time marked by the acquisition of rights. It also aims to analyse socially and qualitatively the place that women occupied and occupy in the configuration of a complex education system in our recent history. In this context, the most demanded artistic specialties by the female sex are analyzed in the baccalaureate, vocational training and non-university higher education courses. For this reason, we must conceptualize and situate these teachings throughout history and how the changes occurred during their evolution have affected female students. The teachings of Fine Arts and Design are heiresses to the reformist tradition that the Arts & Crafts Movement initiated in Europe by William Morris in the 19th century. For more than two hundred years it has evolved, always conditioned, by the instability of the changing Spanish educational system.